Last Updated January 29, 2024

 January 29, 2024

Peptide researchers may be wondering about the best peptides companies that sell high-quality compounds.

But it’s not as simple as finding the first online vendor that offers research peptides and placing an order. In fact, it’s important to do due diligence when researching the best peptides vendors.

Vendor selection deserves as much research and attention as the peptides themselves. After all, a pure and high-quality product is key to safety and validity in research.

Fortunately, our expert team is familiar with the most reputable peptide providers, with the experience to recommend the best places to buy various peptides and other research chemicals.

Here are the best websites with peptides for sale…

Buy research peptides from Limitless Life, a top-rated vendor...

Disclaimer: contains information about products that are intended for laboratory and research use only, unless otherwise explicitly stated. This information, including any referenced scientific or clinical research, is made available for educational purposes only. Likewise, any published information relative to the dosing and administration of reference materials is made available strictly for reference and shall not be construed to encourage the self-administration or any human use of said reference materials. makes every effort to ensure that any information it shares complies with national and international standards for clinical trial information and is committed to the timely disclosure of the design and results of all interventional clinical studies for innovative treatments publicly available or that may be made available. However, research is not considered conclusive. makes no claims that any products referenced can cure, treat or prevent any conditions, including any conditions referenced on its website or in print materials.

Top 3 Places to Buy Peptides Online

These are the top three vendors we recommend for ordering peptides online:

1. Limitless Life

2. Research Chemical

3. PureRawz

We have selected these vendors as the premier websites to buy peptides on the Internet for a variety of reasons — which can all be found below.

Best Peptides-Companies and Sources

What are Peptides?

Peptides are short chains made up of amino acids. They are closely related to proteins because proteins are composed of chains of 51 or more amino acids, while peptides are composed of chains of 50 or fewer amino acids.

There are many naturally-occurring peptides manufactured and used by the body itself, and these play different roles in health and performance. In fact, many medications and dietary supplements are peptide-based, including the weight loss agent semaglutide, collagen peptides used in nutritional supplements, and even the antibiotic vancomycin [1].

There’s also growing scientific interest in peptides. They may be able to help with a variety of health or beauty concerns, and for the most part, they appear to be safe with low risk of side effects.

As research on peptides continues, new uses for various peptides therapies are being discovered — particularly in the areas of weight loss and body composition, anti-aging, skin care, hair care, injury recovery, and immune support.

How We Chose the Best Peptide Sources

Here’s how we assembled our list of the best places to buy peptides online:

  • Product Selection: We included vendors that carry a variety of research peptides in different forms or combinations.
  • Testing & Quality Control: The most important criterion for us is testing and quality control. The best peptide vendors have multiple-step quality control processes that ensure quality at each step in the manufacturing process, and which utilize in-house testing and/or independent, third-party laboratory evaluation.
  • Shipping & Payment Options: Some other key things we looked for in reputable peptide vendors were fast, reliable shipping options, and a variety of payment options to help ensure privacy and discretion.
  • Customer Service: We also assessed peptide vendors based on their customer service, sales and promotions, and return or refund policies.
  • Online Reviews: In addition, we scoured the internet for reviews from researchers who have ordered from these vendors to get accounts of their experiences.
  • Firsthand experience: Finally, we work with many of the listed vendors ourselves, so we can vouch for their legitimacy.

Overall, our research team believes these are the premier companies to buy peptides online from. Our full list of best peptide companies can be found below.

Best Peptides Companies and Sources | Top 10

Enough of the fluff! Without further ado…

Here are the top 10 best peptide companies for purchasing research peptides online:

1. Limitless Life

Product Types: Research Peptides
Quality of Products: 5/5
Pricing: 4.5/5
Discounts: Available for Bulk Purchases, bundle deals, coupon codes
Alternatives: Research Chemical, PureRawz
Overall Ranking: 5/5


Topping our list is Limitless Life, our go-to source of high-quality research peptides for sale.

Limitless Life is our preferred website with peptides for sale. While this vendor offers a wide variety of research peptides, they also offer a few nootropics — which are compounds that may help support brain function, mood, memory, focus, and executive function [2].

Here's some of the things Limitless Life does incredibly well:

  • Impressive Product Testing: Limitless Life is one of the few vendors who adheres to the highest standards of quality. All of their products are third-party tested and verified. As such, their customers have confidence they are receiving only the highest quality research peptides. Their peptides are 99%+ quality – which is considered “reference standard” and best in class.
  • Credit Cards Accepted: While often forgotten, it is vital that a research peptides company accepts credits cards. Limitless Life certainly does – from all the major companies. Researchers will be able to pay with credit cards here, along with a wide variety of other payment options.
  • Top-Rated Shipping: Limitless Life offers FedEx 2-day shipping for all domestic orders. For any researchers that may require faster delivery, they even offer overnight FedEx same-day shipping. Not only that, but Limitless Life also ships internationally.
  • Great Return + Reship Policy: Limitless Life makes it simple to return and/or reship products. Researchers will get the peptides one way or another with this vendor. This allows researchers to buy with confidence and have no worries. Additionally, Limitless Life also offers shipping insurance to cover any issues that may arise during the shipping process.
  • For Research-Use Only: Limitless Life puts a major emphasis that their peptides and products are intended strictly for research purposes. They take this unique approach due to their commitment to responsible distribution of research peptides. Limitless Life only wants their products used appropriately within the research community.
  • The Best Product Quality: Limitless Life takes pride in offering the highest quality products in the market. It's the reason our team at is so confident in recommending them to researchers.
  • Impressive and Responsive Service: Limitless Life has a service and support team that is available 7 days a week from 8AM to 9PM – even on the weekends. This impressive availability allows Limitless Life to stay in contact with researchers at their convenience for any inquiries.

Overall, we like Limitless Life because they put a lot of care and resources into product testing to ensure quality. They utilize high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) testing to ensure a standard of purity for all of their products, making them suitable for highly-regulated research studies.

Additionally, Limitless Life offers some of the best bundles on the market. These bundles are a cost-effective way to purchase curated peptide combinations.

This vendor also does an incredible job also offering research peptides in spray and capsule formats. Like this BPC-157 + TB-500 nasal spray that is best in the world. These unique formulations give researchers a wide array to select from.

For their customer service and comprehensive quality testing processes, Limitless Life is our top choice for researchers.

Qualified researchers can save 10% off the next order by clicking the button below and adding this codepeptidesorg10

Buy research peptides from Limitless Life, a top-rated vendor...

2. Research Chemical

Product Types: Research Peptides
Quality of Products: 4.5/5
Pricing: 4.5/5
Discounts: Discount coupons, sales
Alternatives: Limitless Life, PureRawz
Overall Ranking: 4.5/5


Coming in near the top of our best peptides vendors list is These guys offer some of the highest-quality research peptides for sale you will find anywhere online.

Let's dig into the specifics. Here's what our team loves about Research Chemical:

  • Highest Quality Product Testing: We're a big fan of the quality of products found at Research Chemical. The company offers peptides that are third-party tested and verified. They also show the COAs to prove quality and testing. Researchers can buy with confidence from this peptides vendior.
  • Great Payment Options: As well, Research Chemical accepts all the major credits cards and has simple credit card payment processing. Check out here is a breeze for researchers. Furthermore, researchers can also pay with cryptocurrency.
  • Fast Shipping: Research Chemical ships anywhere in the USA. They ship out on the day of the order or the next day. Domestic deliveries typically take 3-5 days, but the company also offers 1-2 day express shipping options for convenience. Lastly, they offer free shipping on all orders over $149.
  • Professional Service and Support: The owner of Research Chemical takes service and support for researchers seriously. Emails to their support staff are typically replied to within 1 business day. 

Overall, we have been exceptionally impressed with Research Chemical as of late. Their service and support is top-notch. It's clear this is a professionally ran peptides company.

Furthermore, while they don't have as wide array of products as some other companies with peptides for sale, the quality of peptides found at Research Chemical are some of the best around. 

Researchers are sure to be pleased with the quality of peptides from Research Chemical.

Qualified researchers will save 15% off by clicking the button below and adding the code: peptides15

Buy research peptides from Research Chemical today...

3. PureRawz

Product Types: Research Peptides, SARMs, Nootropics, PCTs, Botanicals
Quality of Products: 4.5/5
Pricing: 4.5/5
Discounts: Discount coupons, rewards, and affiliate programs
Alternatives: Limitless Life Nootropics
Overall Ranking: 4.5/5


PureRawz is a unique peptide provider that specializes in selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) and nasal spray formulations. In addition to SARMs, they have a wide variety of peptides and nootropics.

One thing the team at loves about PureRawz is that they have everything a researcher could want and need. Name a peptide and these guys have it. PureRawz has the best selection of any research peptides company around.

All of their products are third-party tested in U.S. labs. PureRawz also offers free shipping for domestic orders over $99, along with worldwide shipping options.

For researchers interested in studying nasal spray formulations — which are typically less researched than injectable peptides — PureRawz is a good source. They also have some impressive capsule formulations these days, as well.

PureRawz also offers a wide variety of payment options. From credit cards to eChecks to PayPal and even cryptocurrency – researchers always find a way to checkout with this vendor.

Lastly, their support stay has vastly improved over the years and ensures researchers will get a prompt response to any inquiries. 

Click here to read our full Purerawz review.

Buy research peptides from Pure Rawz today...

4. Amino Asylum

Product Types: Peptides, SARMs, Amino Acids, Prohormones
Quality of Products: 4/5
Pricing: 4.5/5
Discounts: Discount coupons, sales
Alternatives: Limitless Life Nootropics
Overall Ranking: 4/5


Amino Asylum has a large catalog of research peptides, and they have a particularly good selection of nasal spray formulations.

With research on intranasal administration of peptides being fairly sparse, nasal sprays represent a good opportunity for researchers to learn more about a less invasive peptide therapy option – when compared to injectable peptides.

Amino Asylum offers great shipping options and even shipping insurance to offer researchers peace of mind. The only downside is payment options are limited here. This company offering peptides for sale only accepts Zelle, Venmo, and CashApp as of writing.

However, Amino Asylum offers cost-saving discounts. This is a good place to look for budget-focused researchers.

Qualified researchers may save 20% with Amino Asylum by clicking the button below, then adding this code: BestNasalSprays

Buy research peptides from Amino Asylum today...


Product Types: Research Peptides, Nootropics, Research Chemicals
Quality of Products: 4/5
Pricing: 4/5
Discounts: Discount coupons, sales, affiliate program
Alternatives: Limitless Life Nootropics, PureRawz
Overall Ranking: 4/5 is another trusted peptide provider.

We like them because of their massive catalog of peptides, nootropics, and other research chemicals. In addition, follows rigorous third-party testing protocols to ensure that their products are pure and high in quality.

They provide a variety of shipping and payment options, including free shipping on domestic orders over $100. They also regularly offer valuable discount codes that provide a percentage off on order subtotals. For another trusted provider with a wide selection, is a great choice.

Buy research chemicals from Science.Bio today...

6. Sports Technology Labs

Product Types: Research Peptides, SARMs
Quality of Products: 4/5
Pricing: 3.5/5
Discounts: Discount coupons, bulk order discounts, sales, affiliate program
Alternatives: PureRawz, SwissChems
Overall Ranking: 4/5


Sports Technology Labs has a wide selection of both SARMs and research peptides, making them one of our preferred vendors. Additionally, the vendor features exceptionally pure products that are manufactured and independently tested in the United States.

They also offer fast shipping, with most orders shipped the same day or the day following an order. Additionally, researchers receive an additional 10% discount off their order when paying with Bitcoin.

Sports Technology Labs is worth a browse when looking for a wide variety of peptides and other compounds.

Buy research chemicals from

Sports Technology Labs 


7. Integrative Peptides

Product Types: Oral Research Peptides
Quality of Products: 4.5/5
Pricing: 3.4/5
Discounts: Discount coupons, affiliate program
Alternatives: Limitless Life Nootropics, PureRawz
Overall Ranking: 4/5


Integrative Peptides specializes in oral peptides. Because most peptides for research are administered as subcutaneous injections, alternative methods of administration represent major research opportunities that could make peptide therapy more accessible to a wide variety of people.

Additionally, Integrative Peptides offers completely free shipping within the United States and works closely with healthcare providers to help improve access to peptide therapies. Their products are all manufactured at a 99% or greater purity level.

Integrative Peptides is the premier source of oral research peptides for sale.

Buy research peptides from Integrative Peptides today...

8. Entera Skincare

Product Types: Peptide-based Skin and Hair Care
Quality of Products: 5/5
Pricing: 3/5
Discounts: Discount coupons, discounted replenishment orders
Alternatives: None
Overall Ranking: 4/5


Entera Skincare is known for their innovative Folitin product, a peptide-based hair growth formula. Folitin is a topical peptide blend designed to support hair growth or hair regrowth when applied to the scalp. Anecdotal reports suggest that Folitin is a potent hair loss treatment that targets both symptoms and causes, including inflammation, scalp health and dihydrotestosterone production.

Entera Skincare offers free and paid shipping options, as well as optional delivery insurance to help protect Folitin shipments. This is our favorite provider for a peptide-based hair loss treatment.

Click here to read our full Folitin Hair Growth Serum review.

Buy Folitin Hair Growth Serum from Entera Skincare today...

9. SwissChems

Product Types: Peptides, SARMs, Research Chemicals, Nootropics, PCTs
Quality of Products: 3.0/5
Pricing: 4/5
Discounts: Ongoing deals on select products, discount coupons, and a rewards program
Alternatives: PureRawz
Overall Ranking: 3.5/5


SwissChems is one of our favorite peptide vendors because they have an extensive selection of research peptides and other research chemicals, like SARMs and nootropics, as well as some botanical formulations.

SwissChems products are also third-party tested, manufactured in the United States, and guaranteed to have over 99% purity. Additionally, you can view independent test results for each product listed directly on their website.

They also offer free shipping for domestic orders over $100 and worldwide orders over $300, and they accept crypto payments. For these reasons, SwissChems is one of our preferred vendors.

Click here to read our full Swiss Chems review.

Buy research peptides from Swiss Chems today...

10. Spectre Labs

Product Types: Research Peptides, SARMs, Nootropics
Quality of Products: 3.5/5
Pricing: 3.5/5
Discounts: Discount coupons, sales, bundle deals
Alternatives: Limitless Life Nootropics, PureRawz
Overall Ranking: 3.5/5


Rounding out our list of reputable and trustworthy peptide providers is Spectre Labs, another of the preferred peptide websites. They have comprehensive testing protocols in place that allow them to offer products at 99% purity. Although their selection is slightly more limited, they do still offer a wide variety.

Their website is also straightforward, making it easy to navigate to individual peptide products. All of their products are made in the United States, and they provide research peptides for a number of research laboratories around the world. Speaking of, they offer discreet worldwide shipping.

In addition, Specrte Labs has outstanding customer service practices. For special orders, researchers can easily reach out to their representatives for a more personalized ordering process.

We can confidently recommend Spectre Labs thanks to their testing practices and their solid selection of pure and high-quality peptides.

best peptides companies

Best Peptides for Weight Loss

Tirzepatide and semaglutide are two of the best peptides for weight loss — currently.

Here’s why:


Tirzepatide is an agonist of both the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) receptor. It lowers blood glucose levels by stimulating insulin secretion and increasing adiponectin. In the United States, it’s approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a type 2 diabetes treatment [3].

Researchers are now specifically interested in tirzepatide’s effects on weight loss. In a 2022 phase-3 clinical trial, researchers noted a dose-dependent effect of tirzepatide on weight loss in study volunteers with overweight and obesity [4].

It’s thought that this effect is due to the way tirzepatide helps to regulate hormones that play a role in both blood sugar management and appetite reduction. Tirzepatide is currently in clinical trials and expected to be approved for this indication in late 2023.


Like tirzepatide, semaglutide also acts on the GLP-1 receptor. It’s currently FDA-approved for type 2 diabetes, weight loss in adults and adolescents, and reducing cardiovascular disease risk in diabetics [5].

In a 68-week randomized-controlled trial in obese patients, researchers found semaglutide caused an average weight loss of 14.9%, while the placebo patients lost only 2.4% of their body weight [6].

Both tirzepatide and semaglutide are once-weekly injectables, and are already playing a significant role in curbing the rapidly rising obesity rates in the U.S. and around the world.

Best Peptides for Skin Care

Here’s a bit more about two of the best peptides for skin care:


GHK-Cu is a copper-binding peptide with powerful anti-aging properties. It’s often featured in topical skincare products, but it can also be used as a subcutaneous injectable.

GHK-Cu was discovered in the 1970s, when researchers found that introducing young blood plasma to aged liver cells helped those liver cells regenerate. The key factor, they found, was GHK, which declines naturally as we age [7].

Researchers have likewise found that GHK-Cu can help promote collagen production and skin cell turnover, leading to healthier and more youthful-looking skin [7].


Epithalon is a longevity-promoting peptide that may help to promote more youthful skin. It could also have anti-aging effects that go far beyond appearance, since it enhances expression of telomerase.

This enzyme supports the lengthening of telomeres, which are protective caps of DNA found at the ends of chromosomes. Telomeres shorten as we age, so lengthening telomeres could prove to have significant longevity benefits [8].

In one 12-year randomized-controlled trial, researchers administered epithalamin—the crude polypeptide pineal gland extract from which epithalon derives—to elderly people with heart disease. The authors found that the long-term therapy improved overall health and exercise tolerance in the treatment group. In addition, the treatment group had 28% fewer deaths than the treatment group at the end of the study period [9].

Best Peptides for Body Composition

For improving body composition and potentially stimulating muscle growth, the best peptides include ipamorelin and CJC-1295 DAC.

Let's dig deeper:


Ipamorelin mimics the hormone ghrelin and acts as a growth hormone secretagogue — meaning that it helps the body ramp up endogenous production of growth hormone. This has a number of potential effects, including angiogenesis (the formation of new blood vessels) and hypertrophy (muscle growth) [10].

For this reason, ipamorelin is one of the main peptides of interest for muscle growth. Still, there’s not a lot of clinical research on the effects of ipamorelin for body composition. However, many independent researchers have reported good results anecdotally.

CJC-1295 DAC

CJC-1295 DAC, like ipamorelin, is a ghrelin mimetic and growth hormone secretagogue. It was originally developed to treat lipodystrophy, a fat storage disorder in people with HIV/AIDS. However, further development was discontinued after a participant died during one of the research studies. It was ultimately confirmed that the death was unrelated to CJC-1295 [11, 12].

Still, because of its effects on growth hormone, CJC-1295 may help improve body composition, especially when paired with weightlifting and a proper diet. Again, while this effect has not been seen in existing research, it has been reported anecdotally.

Best Peptides for Healing

To support wound healing and accelerate injury recovery, here’s more information about the peptides BPC-157 and TB-500:


Body protection compound-157 (BPC-157) is a peptide fragment of an important compound naturally found in human gastric juices. It helps to protect the gut lining from the strong and potentially damaging effects of stomach acid. For this reason, researchers believe it could also be a powerful peptide for promoting injury recovery.

In animal studies, BPC-157 has been shown to promote wound healing [13]. It may also help promote angiogenesis, liver health, pain relief, and tissue regeneration [14, 15, 16, 17].


TB-500 is another promising peptide for wound healing. It’s a synthetic version of the naturally occurring protein thymosin-beta 4. TB-500 works by sequestering the compound actin, which helps to promote tissue repair, healing, and injury recovery.

There’s a lot of animal research on TB-500 that supports its use for improved vasculature, connective tissue production, skeletal muscle, and cardiac muscle [18, 19, 20, 21, 22].

In a human study, researchers have noted that thymosin-beta 4 can help to promote the healing of venous ulcers, and actually led to full healing of 25% of these ulcers within three months [23].

best peptides companies

How to Buy Peptides Online | Country By Country

The legal status and accessibility of research peptides varies significantly by country. There may be country-specific variations in the prescription status and legality of various peptides.

This article is geared towards researchers who are based in the United States, and all of the vendors we referenced deliver within the U.S. In fact, many of them are based in the U.S., and all of their products are both manufactured and tested domestically.

Still, many of our listed vendors also offer worldwide shipping options. No matter where researchers are based, it’s important they understand the legal implications of ordering peptides online for their specific country.

For instance, Limitless Life offers international shipping to a wide array of countries.

Side Effects of Research Peptides

There are many research peptides, so it’s difficult to make blanket statements about side effects. Each research peptide has a different safety profile.

Although all peptides have the capacity to cause side effects, these can vary greatly in nature and severity depending on a number of factors — including dosage, the health of study participants, and the method of administration.

When preparing for a research study, it’s important to become familiar with the peptide’s side effects as reported in human trials, animals, and anecdotally.

Some of the most common side effects of peptides are often related to the method of administration, which is most often subcutaneous injection. Some of the side effects of injections may include pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site. To help minimize the possibility of injection-related side effects or complications, it’s important to utilize trained technicians when possible.

Also, remember that side effects that have not been outlined in prior research can occur. It’s important to monitor study participants closely for potential side effects or adverse events.

Are Peptides Legal?

Here’s a question that’s often posed by researchers: are peptides legal? The answer is not a simple ‘yes’ or ‘no’.

As we’ve mentioned, peptides are a class of compounds comprising everything from approved prescription medications to dietary supplements to research chemicals.

The peptides we mentioned above are generally considered research peptides. In addition, a few like semaglutide are available in the United States to patients with a valid prescription. Still, even peptides that have gone through FDA’s review process may still be purchased by researchers for laboratory experimentation. Look for a disclaimer to this effect when buying peptides as a researcher.

Another thing to consider is the use of peptides for competitive athletes. Many of the compounds we listed have been banned for use by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) [24].

This means that while they may not be illegal to possess for research purposes, they are strictly banned for use in and out of competition to athletes subject to the WADA rules. For this reason, it’s important to screen study participants and exclude professional athletes from peptide research.

Best Peptides Companies, Vendors, and Websites | Verdict

Ensuring that researchers procuring peptides from a reputable vendor is an extremely important step in the research process. Fortunately, we know the absolute best places to buy peptides online.

Our favorite peptide vendors include Limitless Life, Research Chemical, and PureRawz. All have quality control processes in place to ensure that their products meet purity standards. They also each carry a wide selection of research peptides for sale — with flexible payment and shipping options.

Buy peptides online with confidence from any of the vendors we mentioned. Happy researching!


  1. Wang L, Wang N, Zhang W, et al. Therapeutic peptides: current applications and future directions. Signal Transduct Target Ther. 2022;7(1):48. Published 2022 Feb 14. doi:10.1038/s41392-022-00904-4
  2. Malík M, Tlustoš P. Nootropics as Cognitive Enhancers: Types, Dosage and Side Effects of Smart Drugs. Nutrients. 2022;14(16):3367. Published 2022 Aug 17. doi:10.3390/nu14163367
  3. Farzam K, Patel P. Tirzepatide. [Updated 2023 May 26]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan-. Available from:
  4. Jastreboff AM, Aronne LJ, Ahmad NN, et al. Tirzepatide Once Weekly for the Treatment of Obesity. N Engl J Med. 2022;387(3):205-216. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2206038
  5. Collins L, Costello RA. Glucagon-like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonists. [Updated 2023 Jan 13]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan-. Available from:
  6. Wilding JPH, Batterham RL, Calanna S, et al. Once-Weekly Semaglutide in Adults with Overweight or Obesity. N Engl J Med. 2021;384(11):989-1002. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2032183
  7. Pickart L, Margolina A. Regenerative and Protective Actions of the GHK-Cu Peptide in the Light of the New Gene Data. Int J Mol Sci. 2018;19(7):1987. Published 2018 Jul 7. doi:10.3390/ijms19071987
  8. Khavinson VKh, Bondarev IE, Butyugov AA. Epithalon peptide induces telomerase activity and telomere elongation in human somatic cells. Bull Exp Biol Med. 2003;135(6):590-592. doi:10.1023/a:1025493705728
  9. Korkushko OV, Khavinson VKh, Shatilo VB, Antonyuk-Shcheglova IA. Geroprotective effect of epithalamine (pineal gland peptide preparation) in elderly subjects with accelerated aging. Bull Exp Biol Med. 2006;142(3):356-359. doi:10.1007/s10517-006-0365-z
  10. N Mohammadi E, Louwies T, Pietra C, Northrup SR, Greenwood-Van Meerveld B. Attenuation of Visceral and Somatic Nociception by Ghrelin Mimetics. J Exp Pharmacol. 2020;12:267-274. Published 2020 Aug 5. doi:10.2147/JEP.S249747
  11. Henninge J, Pepaj M, Hullstein I, Hemmersbach P. Identification of CJC-1295, a growth-hormone-releasing peptide, in an unknown pharmaceutical preparation. Drug Test Anal. 2010;2(11-12):647-650. doi:10.1002/dta.233
  12. Bernard E. Lipodystrophy study halted after patient death. NAM Aidsmap website. 31 July 2006. Accessed July 7 2023 from
  13. Sikiric P, Drmic D, Sever M, et al. Fistulas Healing. Stable Gastric Pentadecapeptide BPC 157 Therapy. Curr Pharm Des. 2020;26(25):2991-3000. doi:10.2174/1381612826666200424180139
  14. Knezevic M, Gojkovic S, Krezic I, et al. Occlusion of the Superior Mesenteric Artery in Rats Reversed by Collateral Pathways Activation: Gastric Pentadecapeptide BPC 157 Therapy Counteracts Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome; Intracranial, Portal, and Caval Hypertension; and Aortal Hypotension. Biomedicines. 2021;9(6):609. Published 2021 May 26. doi:10.3390/biomedicines9060609
  15. Park JM, Lee HJ, Sikiric P, Hahm KB. BPC 157 Rescued NSAID-cytotoxicity Via Stabilizing Intestinal Permeability and Enhancing Cytoprotection. Curr Pharm Des. 2020;26(25):2971-2981. doi:10.2174/1381612826666200523180301
  16. Lee E, Padgett B. Intra-Articular Injection of BPC 157 for Multiple Types of Knee Pain. Altern Ther Health Med. 2021;27(4):8-13.
  17. Chang CH, Tsai WC, Hsu YH, Pang JH. Pentadecapeptide BPC 157 enhances the growth hormone receptor expression in tendon fibroblasts. Molecules. 2014;19(11):19066-19077. Published 2014 Nov 19. doi:10.3390/molecules191119066
  18. Trenkwalder T, Deindl E, Bongiovanni D, et al. Thymosin-β4-mediated therapeutic neovascularization: role of the PI3K/AKT pathway. Expert Opin Biol Ther. 2015;15 Suppl 1:S175-S185. doi:10.1517/14712598.2015.1011122
  19. Smart N, Risebro CA, Melville AA, et al. Thymosin beta4 induces adult epicardial progenitor mobilization and neovascularization. Nature. 2007;445(7124):177-182. doi:10.1038/nature05383
  20. Ehrlich HP, Hazard SW 3rd. Thymosin beta4 enhances repair by organizing connective tissue and preventing the appearance of myofibroblasts. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2010;1194:118-124. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05483.x
  21. Spurney CF, Cha HJ, Sali A, et al. Evaluation of skeletal and cardiac muscle function after chronic administration of thymosin beta-4 in the dystrophin deficient mouse. PLoS One. 2010;5(1):e8976. Published 2010 Jan 29. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008976
  22. Bjørklund G, Dadar M, Aaseth J, Chirumbolo S. Thymosin β4: A Multi-Faceted Tissue Repair Stimulating Protein in Heart Injury. Curr Med Chem. 2020;27(37):6294-6305. doi:10.2174/0929867326666190716125456
  23. Guarnera G, DeRosa A, Camerini R; 8 European sites. The effect of thymosin treatment of venous ulcers. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2010;1194:207-212. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05490.x
  24. World Anti-Doping Agency. The prohibited list. WADA website. Accessed 7 July 2023 from

Scientifically Fact Checked by:

David Warmflash, M.D.

Table of Contents
    Add a header to begin generating the table of contents